Sound and Vision
The death of David Bowie a week ago brought to an abrupt end the life of one of the greatest social change agents of the last half century. An artist who seemed to arrive from the future hit the mainstream in 1969 with Space Oddity, a song about a fictional astronaut released to coincide with the Apollo 11 Moon Landing. He went on to light up the 1970’s in a fashion that’s difficult to convey for those that weren’t there, but goes a long way to explaining why so many who were mourned his passing deeply.
Magical Bowie he belonged to my generation AND yours!! https://t.co/cRGeLz02Fb
— Jon Snow (@jonsnowC4) January 11, 2016
Television was the dominant popular entertainment medium in the UK through a brown and orange decade of industrial turmoil, three-day weeks, power cuts and candlelit evenings. For many teens, the key highlight of the week was Top of the Pops on Thursday night. And in 1972 the electrifying experience of Bowie as Ziggy Stardust performing Starman in a BBC studio transmitted live into the living rooms of impressionable kids watching on Rediffusion television sets up and down the country made for unforgettable theatre. He represented the embodiment of difference and change, someone that outsiders of all sorts of surprising persuasions could readily identify with.
Bowie blazed through the 70’s using pop music as the conduit for a unique sound and vision enacted through a series of personas. His other-worldliness belied a very modern, at times mercenary, approach to musician management built on identifying and securing the best talent he could find. By the late 90’s he had switched focus to the nascent Internet and showed real prescience in insisting that it would change everything. Not only did he look like he was from the future, he clearly thought about it a lot. This remarkable interview with the BBC’s Jeremy Paxman from 2002 pre-Google and Facebook reveals just how foresightful he was with his predictions:
At 55, I don’t really think it’s going to change very much. As you get older, the questions come down to about two or three. How long? And what do I do with the time I’ve got left? … When it’s taken that nakedly, these are my subjects. And it’s like, well, how many times can you do this? And I tell myself, actually, over and over again.
Bowie remained curious and innovative to the end. As extensively reported, he turned his impending death into a work of art with a ferocious final 18-month burst of creativity. By all accounts he fought to the finish against an implacable cancer to eventually complete Blackstar, his final gift as producer Tony Visconti memorably put it:
“He always did what he wanted to do. And he wanted to do it his way and he wanted to do it the best way. His death was no different from his life – a work of art. He made Blackstar for us, his parting gift. I knew for a year this was the way it would be. I wasn’t, however, prepared for it. He was an extraordinary man, full of love and life. He will always be with us. For now, it is appropriate to cry.”
With his passing Bowie continued a lifelong urge to transgress and break new cultural ground. And by keeping his decline private, arguably presaged a coming change in attitude to social media and privacy. The unique combination of societal changes and circumstances that Bowie lived through in his pomp are now long gone suggesting we may not see his like again, something that several other commentators picked up on and he insisted on anyway:
Don’t copy me, go out and create yourselves
His place in the horizontal history of our times is fixed but will be endlessly re-explored for years to come. In Brixton, where he was born just a couple of years after the Second World War ended, spontaneous gatherings reflected and celebrated his achievements including inevitably at The Prince Albert and the Ritzy cinema:
Bowie towards the end was not one for fuss. In fact it appears the Starman has already been cremated without ceremony returning to the stardust we are all made of leaving his art as his legacy. As a lifelong agent of change he probably concurred with Steve Jobs on death being the ultimate transformation:
“death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because death is very likely the single best invention of life. It is life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away.”
- In what seems destined to become in time a key milestone for online learning, Udacity have issued a “six months to find a job or your money-back guarantee” promise for four of their Nanodegree Plus offerings in the US. Admittedly the courses in question cover super hot tech areas from Machine Learning, iOS and Android to Web Development. Plus Udacity are flush with lots of cash off their recent D round. Still worth watching what happens here though.
- Coincidentally by happy circumstance I’ve just successfully completed Professor Andrew Ng’s Machine Learning online course authorized by Stanford University and offered by Coursera. The course itself is free but you have to pay $32 for a certificate which I’ve now done. I’ll be blogging my thoughts about the course and what I learnt on it over the coming weeks.
Apps and Services
- peach.cool, the latest hot new social network was developed by Dom Hofmann, creator of Vine. Its key feature is the notion of “magic words” which are shortcuts that allow users to access new features. In other words, a proto command shell. It’s a trend that seems back in vogue powered by the success of messaging apps:
“Peach is the latest app to turn away from a pure GUI, a “graphical user interface” that relies on buttons and icons, and back toward a watered-down version of a CLI, the text-based “command line interface” that was the defining method of using personal computers until the 1980s, joining much bigger peers like Apple, Microsoft, Slack, and, yes, Facebook in an attempt to rethink how we interact with our various devices by looking at computing’s past.”
- Conversational UI and messaging as interface fusing human and artificial intelligence (HAAI) is a theme extensively covered in this blog over the last few months. Facebook’s M digital assistant is at the vanguard as Wired underlined again this week. Hence this post from VP Messaging, David Marcus, in which he posits, among other things, that “messaging threads are the new apps” is particularly interesting:
Our early tests in 2015 with brands are showing that interactions will happen more and more in your Messenger threads, so we’ll continue making it easy for you to engage with businesses, and we’ll also do more to enable additional businesses and services to build the right experience in conversations.
- Fastcodesign on the challenges of designing chatbot personalities and why in a curious reinforcement of the Bowie aesthetic, it is as much about theatrics and improvisation as mere functionality:
It’s no coincidence that both Howdy and X.ai—a startup whose bot intelligently schedules meetings via email—each hired writers with performing-arts backgrounds to help define the UX of their products. Howdy, whose bot affects a casual and lightly irreverent tone (much like that of Slack itself), has novelist/satirist/former-improv-comedian Neal Pollack on the product-design payroll. Anna Kelsey, who was hired right out of Harvard as X.ai’s first “AI interaction designer,” studied folklore mythology and directed theater.
- Ray Ozzie’s voice 2.0 startup Talko has been bought by Microsoft who seem to be interested in integrating some of its collaboration technology into Skype. Ozzie himself, who was Chief Software Architect at Microsoft in the past, will apparently not be returning to the fold.
- The FT is reporting the inflationary growth in subscriptions for Apple’s music streaming service relative to Spotify:
Apple has passed 10m subscribers for its music streaming service, taking six months to hit a milestone that took its arch-rival Spotify six years to hit, say people familiar with the matter.
- Autonomous cars are coming. Software, electronics and the economics of ride-sharing will conspire with fundamental changes in societal outlook. The process that will seem slow at first but will undergo a phase transition at some point in the next 20 years as those that value car ownership shuffle off their mortal coils:
“change is happening, and … it’s of the morbid variety: people raised to value things like car ownership or sitting down to channel surf are, well, dying. Meanwhile, a new generation that doesn’t understand why you would want to sit behind the wheel — much less own the damn thing — when you could instead be on your smartphone is coming of age.”
- The Atlantic on the curious smoke and mirrors world of real-life invisibility cloak research. This is a topic that still feels like it should be consigned to the realm of science fiction and magic yet is being seriously worked on today.
- Apple have acquired Emotient, a company “that uses artificial intelligence to analyse facial expression and detect emotion“. Their technology is able to provide analytics on attention, engagement and sentiment.
- Wired take the pulse of tech innovation in China where the old trope of lack of innovation is rapidly being dismantled by an exploding middle class travelling up Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The results will profoundly impact the global economy over the coming decades:
Now major cities are crowded with ambitious inventors and entrepreneurs, flocking into software accelerators and hackerspaces. They no longer want jobs at Google or Apple; like their counterparts in San Francisco, they want to build the next Google or Apple.
- Seven billion dollar valued companies from South-East Asia that you may never heard of are also part of the shifting baton of global innovation. They’re called Garena, GrabTaxi, Lazada, Tokopedia, Razer, Traveloka, VNG and mostly operate in the eCommerce or gaming space.
Internet of Things
- Bob Cringely suggests the Internet of Things is a “security nightmare“ and paints a grim picture of the consequences of attacks:
I’m sure we’ll see one or more really serious IoT data security breaches with profound negative effects in 2016, destroying property and possibly costing lives. This is unlikely to be the work of script kiddies and more likely to be state-sponsored. … One thing is for sure: IoT data security is going to become a huge business over the coming years — probably bigger than the IoT, itself.
- According to one analyst it will cost around $1 per Thing to protect connected devices. Once you factor in the billions of devices predicted to constitute the Internet of Things, that is an awful lot of money. To compound the picture, evidence suggests consumers already think IoT devices are too expensive and today nearly 50% “are concerned about privacy and security issues“.
- A couple of fun Raspberry Pi + Sense Hat tweets:
— Marc Scott (@Coding2Learn) January 11, 2016
— Tim Peake (@astro_timpeake) January 4, 2016
Startups and Management
- FirstRound on how Square approach making difficult decisions with the aid of a process acronym called SPADE which stands for Setting, People, Alternatives, Decide and Explain. The People part is key to the framework. So much so that the author suggests that really the acronym ought to be PSADE which is distinctly less memorable. Either way, it’s all too common in matrixed organisations to find role and authority confusion here:
“The truth is that — as with everything in an organization — people come first. This includes those who are consulted and give input towards the decision, the person who approves the decision, and most importantly the person who’s responsible for ultimately making the call.”
- Chris Dixon lists his top 10 Startup L. Jackson tweets. Lots to enjoy here:
Whenever someone tells me "coding is the new literacy" because "computers are everywhere today" I ask them how fuel injection works.
— Startup L. Jackson (@StartupLJackson) May 1, 2015
If you haven't been hacked by the Chinese you got to ask yourself, does the shit you're doing really even matter?
— Startup L. Jackson (@StartupLJackson) February 2, 2013
The problem with a UDP joke is that you're never really sure if people got it.
— Startup L. Jackson (@StartupLJackson) July 25, 2015
- If you liked that, you’ll likely enjoy Startup L. Jackson’s guide to getting rich in tech “guaranteed”. Turns out that working for a startup isn’t it. What you want to do is join the GAFA cohort, work hard, move up every few years and cash out after a decade:
If you want to get rich, your best bet on a risk-adjusted basis is to join a profitable and growing public company. Google for short. Make $200-500k all-in a year, work hard and move up a level every 3-5 years, sell options as they vest (in case you joined Enron), and retire at 60, rich. This plan works every time.
Culture and Society
- A recent US PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Science) research paper analysed how misinformation spreads online. The researchers found that social media platforms such as Facebook serve as large-scale distributed echo chambers machine amplifying our instinctive human tendency to seek confirmation bias. The result is a tendency to ‘hystericalise’ discussions with conspiracy theories and rumours spread with ever-expanding exaggeration irrespective of veracity. Bloomberg’s stark conclusion? Facebook “makes you dumber” they suggest – you’re not really engaging with contrarian viewpoints and instead are cleaving to those that simply confirm your prejudices. It’s worrying and depressing in equal measure given how much time people spend on Facebook’s platform:
More generally, Facebook users tended to choose and share stories containing messages they accept, and to neglect those they reject. If a story fits with what people already believe, they are far more likely to be interested in it and thus to spread it.
As Del Vicario and her coauthors put it, “users mostly tend to select and share content according to a specific narrative and to ignore the rest.” On Facebook, the result is the formation of a lot of “homogeneous, polarized clusters.” Within those clusters, new information moves quickly among friends (often in just a few hours).
The consequence is the “proliferation of biased narratives fomented by unsubstantiated rumors, mistrust, and paranoia.” And while the study focuses on Facebook users, there is little doubt that something similar happens on other social media, such as Twitter — and in the real world as well.
- ISIS will “win many battles but lose the war” according to this analysis which echoes some of the online communities research in suggesting a physically dispersed virtual collective united using online networking by a belief in a ‘heroic’ apocalyptic vision and inured to any attempts at counter-narrative:
Group solidarity around a compelling meta-narrative is the important “big picture” element of Islamic terrorism which is critical toward understanding its motivations, and which can be missed by descriptive ethnographies or econometric analyses. … The Islamic State has co-opted a meta-narrative which exists within Islamic history, and offers up a heroic vision to individuals who identify as Muslim across the world.
- Goldman Sachs top 10 2015 charts includes this highly thought-provoking one outlining how much the world has changed over the last five years. Smartphone penetration figures and the collapse in the price of oil stand out reflected in the change in biggest company by market cap. You probably could have got 500-1 in 2010 on Leicester City being top of the Premier League:
- Quartz on the wacky linguistics of British youth slang in 2016 which is drawn from a number of sources, notably MLE (multi-ethnic London English) or ‘jafaican’. The David Bowies of the 2020s are quite probably transgressing in MLE in front of disapproving olds right now. I’ve verified ‘peas’ is common parlance in Berkshire anyway according to a couple of 12-year olds from Code Club:
the edgy street language of gangs … has given us shank and jook for stab; and merk to hurt or humiliate. There is also boyed for shamed, durkboi and wallad for fool, dozens of terms for drugs and money and the greeting braap! … Among the most pervasive are bruv, mate, bare, fam, gwop, or peas (money), and chirpsin’, linkin’, and lipsin’—flirting, dating, and kissing respectively.
- Fascinating analysis of Britain’s “great curry crisis”. A once thriving industry is under assault from a more sophisticated customer base, supermarket competition, dietary changes and more attractive employment options, notably Uber:
“A lot of people in London have joined Uber . . . including chefs, tandoori chefs, waiters, managers — even the owners of restaurants”
- The macabre art of self-mummification evolved by “trial and error” and was practiced for centuries by a small number of Buddhist monks living in the mountains of Yamagata in northern Japan. This article explains how they did it. The obscure isolation of their lives and idolatry in death stands in curious contrast to Bowie’s global fame and finality of cremation.